Hair transplantation is a surgical process that involves shifting a bit of skin consisting of hair follicle from one site of the body to a bolding patch. The part from which the skin is taken is called the donor site and the patch where it is implanted is known as recipient site. This technique is mostly used to treat male pattern boldness.
This procedure transplants genetically resistant skin grafts which contain hair follicles to balding scalps. This technique is also utilized to regenerate eye brows, eye lashes and beard hair and to fill accident and surgery scars caused by face lifts and older hair transplants. Hair transplantations are quite different from skin grafting. These grafts encompass nearly the entire epidermis and dermis around the hair follicle, and numerous small-small grafts are transported; not just a single strip of skin.
Advanced techniques of hair transplantation target hair which grows in follicles containing one to four groups of hair. When you approach a hair transplant surgeon for help, he will first examine your scalp, ask you about your preferences and needs before advising you of what will be best for you in terms of approach, how many sessions you will have to take and what results you should expect. The patient is required to abstain from alcohol and medication that may cause intraoperative bleeding which will result in poor acceptance of the hair graft. However antibiotics are usually given before the operation to guard against infections and wounds.
Hair transplantation procedures have become less expensive in recent years. The cost of hair grafts normally ranges from 3.00$ to 7.00$ per graft. 4 to 5 dollars is the average price of hair grafts with the price of each graft dropping with increase in the size of the surgical sessions.
A typical surgical session can vary from 1.500 to over 4,000 grafts according to the needs of the patient. Mild sedation is used on patients via topically injected anesthesia. However this is optional. Hair transplantation operations usually last for about four hours.